Seven effective methods of family education
One, in family education, the most common way is to talk. The quality of conversation is closely related to the art of conversation.
Talk, is in a democratic and harmonious atmosphere, between parents and children who talk. The time to talk should be appropriate, the topic of conversation should be useful, the child is interested. Talk before, parents should induce children free to the truth to pour out. Then the himself above the child insights as a gift rebate to the child. Through the exchange of ideas between parents and children, so that children receive education and enlightenment. The parents say, children learn to listen, no feedback, is not a genuine exchange. As for parents by talking to the child of sarcastic rebuke, seize a trivial chatter endlessly, offensive to children boring is not desirable.
The art of conversation is mainly reflected in the application of the method of capturing and talking in the time of conversation. In general, both parents and children in a bad mood, especially in a fit of anger, don’t talk; in the story are still not clear, don’t talk; an outsider, especially in the presence of the guests, please do not do critical conversation; at the dinner table, in children before sleeping, also should not be critical of the conversation. The characteristics of family education is “meet a thing is instruct”, so educational opportunity to grasp nimbly, all from the need of education, especially education effect of, the child can be accepted as the norm. Talk there can be a variety of ways, such as casual, investigative, incentive, serious criticism and education etc. can be used. The gossipy, informal time, place, content, a brighter future, relaxed and happy to talk, children are often welcome way of talking.
A successful conversation, like children will be salutary influence of education, educational.
Two, the art of the activities with the children
Family atmosphere is one of the important factors in the implementation of family education, with the children in the activities, is one of the effective ways to create a good family atmosphere.
In life, parents and children are a lot of opportunities to work together.
Go out with the kids. Is the beauty of nature: flowers in spring, the summer cicadas, autumn leaves, winter snow, the child will have endless appeal. Parents pinched season with children on an outing, proportionally to the natural scenery will give children a better reverie and vision, called home long for fun in childhood memories. Common state of mind and language, so that the distance between old and young, all of a sudden disappear, how much of the content of education can be in the present moment.
Go sightseeing with the kids. If you can bring children to the field trip, the children are the most happy. Those places of interest and various exhibitions are worth a visit. Visit, if the parents can do brilliantly explanation, children are the most admired; such as lack of knowledge, forcing parents to turn the pages to find information, it can win the child’s heart.
Shopping with children in Shangjie. Small children like to parents shop, way points people love thing, parents can took the opportunity to introduce a product knowledge and instill a sense of thrifty. Children grow up a little, can be home, for their own shopping, parents accompany when the staff, while buying and talking, while watching the side, while walking along the two generations of mutual security, is a good opportunity for education.
Play with children. After dinner, holidays, a family the development of expertise, blowing, play, sing, chatting, let the family is full of happy atmosphere, and enhance the cohesion of the family and life taste.
Parents and children work together a lot of content and activities is to eliminate the generation gap, harmonious feelings, entertaining activities, let family education in joy, cordial, free activities in.
Three, praise, reward Art
Praise and reward for children is also very learning.
Praise and reward children, you can encourage children to repeat good habits formed; in recognition and reward can stimulate the child’s progress, is conducive to the cultivation of children’s self-esteem and honor, to cultivate children’s ability to self constraint, but also enhance the child’s feeling of non sense, to help parents and children’s emotional deepening.
Election of the children to fulfill the requirements of parents, hope can give praise, reward; children have good behavior, although only signs, but also can give praise, reward; children completed a difficult task, the performance of the brave quality or a certain amount of perseverance, parents praise and reward; the children get the glorious Title, parents should praise and reward.
Praise, reward the way a lot of children should be based on the spirit of the main. For example: praise, praise, nod, smile, intimacy, to achieve the purpose of encouraging the child to progress. Material rewards also want to have, for young children, the necessary material reward is also a good education means. Can give books and clothes and toys, school supplies, etc., but careful with money, but can not let the children of small age, pure heart premature dye copper odor.
Parents want to hold the opportunity to praise and reward. Children excited, come quickly, go quickly, parents have to grasp the child’s psychological pulse, the praise, the reward should be timely, so that their performance can be enhanced, to consolidate. If a belated effort would weaken the incentive effect.
Again, praise or reward or, to be realistic, because this is a child of a kind of evaluation, to let the children in recognition and reward to recognize themselves. Too high, easy to let the child blindly meet; too low, and not easy to achieve the purpose of incentive. In addition, praise, reward, the attitude of parents should be sincere, it is best not to promise in advance, once promised to keep your word; not to the extent of the degree of reward and children bargain.
In recent years, some scholars “to” appreciation education “is called the” universal education “, and said:” to appreciate the child, can be fabricated. ” This argument is open to question, it is not scientific to use a method of education to replace all the means of education.
Four, the art of apologizing to the child
In family life, parents say the wrong thing, do something wrong, even wronged the child is often occur, how to deal with such a problem, also be really tutor of art.
Parents and children in the family should be democratic and equal relationship, parents do something wrong or wronged children, should take the initiative to apologize. This will not affect the credibility of the parents, but will not undermine the dignity of parents; instead, will give the child a mistake to change the example, will make the child sincerely admire their parents’ quality and self-cultivation, and thus more trust their parents, parents will not only reduce the dignity, but will be higher, but also to create a relaxed family, harmonious and democratic atmosphere conducive to the growth of children.
, of course, apologize to the parents, to admit their mistakes, especially to the child to apologize, admit and attitude must be sincere, not perfunctory, not looking for objective reasons, sincerely to seek understanding.
Five, tolerance of Art
Tolerance refers to the children do wrong after, parents with a spacious mind accept the child’s fault, they did not radical language rap, accountability has not pursued, this will make the child’s heart by deep remorse, and remorse, guilt of his past into, calm thinking, promote the in parents’ generosity to repent.
Give two examples to illustrate:
When Lenin was 8 years old, she went to her aunt’s house with her mother. He accidentally broke a vase, nobody saw, to investigate the cause of the problem when he didn’t admit fear. Lenin naughty is playing in the careful aunt guessed, but she remained silent, waiting for his son and the people in the germination of shame. After three months, the mother lovingly stroked the sons head, want to have words, unexpectedly Lenin burst into tears told the vase. Mother comfort her son, and tolerance of him. The mother knows that the son is in the moral struggle of the heart, the beauty of the quality of the United States, the quality of the victory.
India Sancho Gandhi, a teenager into a bad habit of smoking, and to steal money to buy cigarettes. He felt pain and remorse, the deterioration process in detail to write in a notebook, and plucked up the courage to hand it to the father, eager to get his father’s teachings and punishment. The father did not blame him, but for a long time staring at Gandhi, two lines of tears rolling down. The father of tolerance so that Gandhi has been a great shock, since then, Gandhi repent thoroughly of one’s misdeeds on the right path.
Obviously, tolerance is a very good education means. Application, it is recommended to pay attention to the following points:
The premise of the implementation of tolerance education, must be a child of their own mistakes have been recognized, and feel guilty, and the use of tolerance can be used.
Parents are ready to forgive the child’s fault, it should be from the expression, tone, tone of the child’s parents are very sad to make mistakes, and believe that they can repent. Such as the mother of Lenin, Lenin, Gandhi’s father’s tears, they are excellent education. Parents are not desirable indifferent attitude, make children feel a sense of relief, no pressure, lack of correct determination.
Tolerance, is in order to let the children form a good habit and moral character, and this habit and moral character only in practice can produce and consolidate. The parents do not because the child a thing did not do a good job, don’t let the children hands-on involvement in the, to allow the child to do things, but also to the child a tolerance.
Tolerance, not equal to laissez faire, abdicated. Tolerance is a positive education, the journey is the performance of the parents of dereliction of duty.
Six, criticism of Art
Criticism is a common means in family education, parents criticized the child to the child bad thoughts, behavior, quality give negative evaluation, and give warning, causing their guilt, pain and regret, from the shortcomings and mistakes in lessons, don’t repeat them.
To be fair and reasonable. There is a bit of a mistake, it is not wrong to criticize the child; the criticism is wrong today, but also with the previous mistakes, a point of the wrong, always when the very wrong to criticize, these estimates are not appropriate. Inspirational www.lz13.cn so parents meet the child’s shortcomings, to understand the plot, ascertain the reason, proper estimation of degree of error, not under unclear circumstances, on the child unwarranted accusations, arbitrary superclass, scapegoating, disorderly hazard analysis. If so, not only to achieve the purpose of education, it will cause the child’s reverse psychology, is not conducive to solving the problem.
In the way of criticism should be the first to the right, and then the wrong; the first recognition of the past, and then pointed out today; and even the first self criticism, and then criticize the child. Criticize the child can be serious, even can be tough, but it is not rude, it does not mean sarcasm, ridicule. Otherwise it will hurt the child’s self-esteem, is bound to cause the emotional opposition.
We often say “number ten, not as long as the award.” In the education of children, in order to positive incentives, but not to deny the criticism of the mistakes, shortcomings and mistakes, and even punish. Criticism can be used, but not too much, too much abuse, not to criticize as parents of education means. In addition, criticism, punishment is a negative, a kind of pressure, but also can become an incentive, a power. As parents, we must face the problem of the child, trying to control their own emotional impulse, and enhance the awareness of education, pay attention to the art of criticism.
Seven, set an example of Art
We often say that the power of example is infinite. Family education in the words and deeds, so that the content of education, personality, so that the child is infected with the image of education, and enhance the attractiveness and effectiveness of education, encourage children to imitate, learn noble moral behavior, self correcting their bad behavior.
The younger the child’s age, the greater the infection of the model. As a child by example, the impression will be very deep, and even will be unforgettable.
Parents are children’s most important learning model. Parents are the child of a person of exemplary virtue, the words and deeds of their parents is the most intuitive teaching materials for children to learn, parents set a good example of the demonstration can not only enhance reasoning credibility and infectious, but also like a spring moisten things to play the same monasteries, a subtle role. Therefore, parents should always behave yourself, with your good behavior first, make a model for the children’s moral cultivation.
Of course, in the family education, the role of the model is not spontaneous, parents need to give guidance. How should parents choose for their children and set an example for their children? By telling stories, watching television, reading and other ways to promote and establish a revolutionary leader, hero model, the history of the outstanding characters and literary works of the positive image of the positive impact of education, children, so that they become a model for the child. Because in their body to gather the Chinese nation’s outstanding moral character, should become the child learn to be a person’s criterion. To make the child from the deep education, parents must first of all these characters have a profound understanding of the state of mind, there is a deep feeling to influence, influence, guide children.
Parents should also pay attention to the children in the same age, the students in the class, for the children to find a learning model, which can increase the sense of learning. These people are children of the same age partners, a comparison of similar life experiences, companion has shown good thoughts, good moral character, good style, children are more familiar with, easy to understand, accept, more can inspire the vigor of learning. But parents remember, can not be designed to pick up the advantages of students, strengths and weaknesses of their children, compared to the opportunity to take the opportunity to irony, ridicule child. If parents often say: “you look at the children, you look at you, you make me sad!” This way of education can only play a negative role, so that children have a negative. The right approach is to seize the opportunity, inspired by self – learning, enhance self-confidence, willing to learn.